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Community Development

Human Development Initiative (HDI)

Client: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Impact evaluation of the integrated community development, primary health, education and water/ sanitation initiatives. Programme includes microfinance and HIV/AIDS prevention and care components.

Programme focus during the three-year extension (2008-2010) of HDI Phase IV, which consisted of five projects:

  • Community Development in Remote Townships project (CDRT),
  • Integrated Community Development project (ICDP)
  • HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care project
  • Integrated Household Living Conditions Assessment (IHLCA)
  • Microfinance project

The Integrated Household Living Conditions Assessment (IHLCA) project of UNDP has carried out sample survey of over 18,000 households in 2005. It found that approximately10 percent of the population are in food poverty and some 32 percent live below the overall poverty line, i.e. deprived of inadequate food, nutrition and essential non-food items.

In May 2008, the most devastating natural disaster in the history of Myanmar, Cyclone Nargis, hit the country. 120-mile per hour winds and resulting storm surge carved a path of destruction that left more than 138,000 people dead or missing. In total, 2.5 million people have been affected by the crisis, of which 1.4 million are in the Ayeyarwady delta. The Post Nargis Joint Assessment (PONJA) estimated that the storm destroyed and damaged nearly a million houses, 50% of schools and 75% of the health facilities in the affected area

The presence of over 500 UNDP staff and project personnel in the Delta region played a key role in the response to the urgent emergency relief needs and also made it possible to undertake initial assessments of damage and loss that contributed to the preparation of common Appeals by the UN System in May and July 2008.  The operational capacity in place to implement the Human Development Initiative (HDI) has enabled UNDP to make a rapid start on an Integrated Community-based Early Recovery effort in the Delta, implemented as part of ongoing community development projects within the UNDP Executive Board-approved HDI strategy for 2008-2010.  

 

In late 2010, Cyclone Giri hit Rakhine causing major damage and destruction. Some 50 people were killed and approximately 260,000 people affected by the disaster.   Nearly four months later, key challenges facing the affected communities include inadequate shelter, damaged crop and embankments, food insecurity and indebtedness due to loss of income opportunities. Recent assessments carried out by agencies and organizations working on the ground show that an estimated 104,000 people are still living with host families in the worst affected townships – Myebon, Pauktaw, Minbya and Kyaukpyu. Around 60% of the rice production from 2010 has been lost, and over 90% of all rice fields have been damaged in Myebon alone. People are struggling to make ends meet and rebuild their livelihoods. A Consolidated Action Plan shows, as of February 2011, additional assistance of approximately USD 51.2 million will needed for the early and medium term recovery activities planned by UN agencies and INGOs in Myanmar. 

Report available at:
Independent Assessment of the UNDP Human Development Initiative in Myanmar, 2010. Natural Resource Management and Environmental components.
http://erc.undp.org/evaluationadmin/manageevaluation/viewevaluationdetail.html?evalid=5268

 

 

 

Page last updated October 2, 2013